JML: OpenJUMP JML format

(Driver available in GDAL 2.0 or later)

OGR has support for reading and writing .JML files used by the OpenJUMP software. Read support is only available if GDAL is built with expat library support

.jml is a variant of GML format. There is no formal definition of the format. It supports a single layer per file, mixed geometry types, and for each feature, a geometry and several attributes of type integer, double, string, date or object. That object data type, used for example to store 64 bit integers, but potentially arbitrary serialized Java objects, is converted as string when reading. Contrary to GML, the definition of fields is embedded in the .jml file, at its beginning.

Support for reading and writing spatial reference systems requires GDAL 2.3 or later.

Encoding issues

Expat library supports reading the following built-in encodings : The content returned by OGR will be encoded in UTF-8, after the conversion from the encoding mentioned in the file header is. But files produced by OpenJUMP are always UTF-8 encoded.

When writing a JML file, the driver expects UTF-8 content to be passed in.


OpenJUMP uses an optional string attribute called "R_G_B" to determine the color of objects. The field value is "RRGGBB" where RR, GG, BB are respectively the value of the red, green and blue components expressed as hexadecimal values from 00 to FF. When reading a .jml file, OGR will translate the R_G_B attribute to the Feature Style encoding, unless a OGR_STYLE attribute is present. When writing a .jml file, OGR will extract from the Feature Style string the color of the PEN tool or the forecolor of the BRUSH tool to write the R_G_B attribute, unless the R_G_B attribute is defined in the provided feature. The addition of the R_G_B attribute can be disabled by setting the CREATE_R_G_B_FIELD layer creation option to NO.

Creation Issues

The JML writer supports the following layer creation options:

See Also


The author wishes to thank Jukka Rahkonen for funding the development of this driver.